is the process of creating a two-dimensional plane using the repetition of a geometric shape with no overlaps and no gaps. Generalizations to higher dimensions are also possible. Tessellations are seen throughout art history, from ancient architecture to modern art.
In Latin, tessella is a small cubical piece of clay, stone or glass used to make mosaics.The word “tessella” means “small square” (from “tessera”, square, which in its turn is from the Greek word for “four”). It corresponds with the everyday term tiling which refers to applications of tessellations, often made of glazed clay. Examples of tessellations in the real world include honeycombs and pavement tilings etc…