Textures and Techonics
Nature is a great resource for understanding lightweight structures, with numerous examples involving the intelligent use of non-representing geometry, material properties and material placement (i.e. the structure of a leaf). The aim of lightweight construction is to produce rigid components while using the least amount of material as possible. However, it has been complicated and expensive to copy complex natural structures with current manufacturing technologies. This objective can be achieved by structuring thin, sheet materials into the “third dimension” with simple and efficient manufacturing tools, which increases the flexural rigidity of the material while preserving its surface qualities.
CHOSEN TEXTURE: CLOUDS
CLOUD FORMATION: meteorology, a cloud is a visible mass of liquid droplets or frozen crystals made of water or various chemicals suspended in the atmosphere above the surface of a planetary body. Cloud formation is the result of air in Earth’s atmosphere becoming saturated due to either or both of two processes cooling of the air and adding water vapor. With sufficient saturation, precipitation will fall to the surface. A cloud is a large collection of very tiny droplets of water or ice crystals. The droplets are so small and light that they can float in the air.
CLOUD TYPOLOGY: Altocumulus Cloud
• Abbreviation Ac
• Genus Alto- (middle), -cumulus (heap)
• Altitude 2,000–6,100 m(6,500–20,000 ft)
• Classification Family B (Medium-level)
• Appearance Similar to cirrocumulus, but individual segments are larger and darker.
• No Precipitation
• (Alto, “medium”, cumulus, “heaped”) is a middle-altitude cloud genus that belongs to the stratocumuliform physical category characterized by globular masses or rolls in layers or patches, the individual elements being larger and darker than those of cirrocumulus and smaller than those of stratocumulus.
CLOUD TEXTURE: Mackerel Sky
Describes a sky mostly covered by altocumulus clouds. It is rare with altocumulus and extremely rare in its cirrocumulus form. The occurrence of these clouds is an indicator of moisture and instability at intermediate levels (2400–6100 m, 8000-20,000 ft).